Out of this World
The Hunt for Planets
From June 14 to October 26 2014
Is the Earth the only planet in the vast universe containing life? Are we unique? Or is the cosmos full of worlds like ours, and will we find ourselves confronting extraterrestrial life forms some day?
For centuries, humans believed that the Earth was the centre of the universe. It was not until the 16th century that it finally became clear that the Earth - along with the other planets - revolves around the sun. And on 13 March 1781, William Herschel became the first person in history to discover a new planet in our solar system: Uranus. The discovery triggered what would become an unending hunt for more unknown worlds.
With the development of the telescope, astronomers would study the other planets more and more closely. They discovered spots on Mars, clouds on Jupiter, and rings around Saturn. And they fantasised about the inhabitants of these mysterious worlds. In this way, science inspired the genre of science fiction.
Today, unmanned rovers travel around Mars. They haven't found any little green men, but there are, perhaps, traces of Martian bacteria. And if there is no extraterrestrial life in our solar system, there may well be on remote exoplanets - that is, planets in orbit around stars other than our own sun.
The cosmos is the hunting ground of astronomy. By now, almost two thousand exoplanets have been discovered. It is a fair bet that these include a few with conditions similar to those on Earth. Whether there is life on any of them is still unknown. But that is precisely what makes astronomy so exciting. So exciting it's out of this world.
The Romantic soul. Paintings from Russia and the Netherlands
From February 1 to May 25 2014
Towards the end of the eighteenth century, Europe witnessed the advent of a new cultural movement, in reaction to the prevailing coolness of classicism: Romanticism. Gone was the supremacy of Reason. Romantic art gave precedence to emotions, intuition, spontaneity and imagination. With imminent shipwrecks, oaks split by the force of nature, awe-inspiring sunsets, or at times tranquil interiors and sensitive portraits, artists in all parts of Europe conveyed their emotional responses.
The State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, the collector Jef Rademakers and Teylers Museum present their most beautiful Romantic paintings in a single joint exhibition. Never before have the similarities and differences in Romantic art from parts of Europe that are separated by thousands of miles been so clearly visible. Come and be carried away by the grandeur of majestic and dramatic scenes, or lose yourself in the serene portraits and images of domestic life.
The most beautiful Rembrandts
From 28 September 2013 to 19 January 2014
No other Dutch artists is as well known and loved worldwide as Rembrandt. Yet it has not always been that way. In his own day, he was counted among the greatest masters, but after his death he was often reviled for his loose style and risqué subjects. This all changed in the 19th century, and he came to be revered as the greatest artist of all thime. Those changing tastes are the subject of this exhibition.
Teylers has one of the world's leading collections of Rembrandt etchings and drawings. For this occasion, Rembrandt's 100 most beautiful works will be brought out of storage. For a brief time, his famous self-portraits, moving Bible scenes, tender portraits of his wife Saskia, racy scenes and dramatic landscapes will again be on display for all to admire.
A Sea full of Mermaids
From 25 May until 15 September 2013
This summer, Teylers Museum is organising the first exhibition ever to be held in the Netherlands on the subject of mermaids. The event will bring these mysterious beings to life for young and old in surprising modalities, from paintings to posters, from pictures to stuffed animals, from ‘genuine’ mermaid skeletons to fairy-tale movies and games. The Green Sea-Maid, The Sirens, Mami Wata, The Little Mermaid: these are just a few of the names used for this temptress, half woman, half fish, who turns up in folklore in all over the world, and is associated with numerous tall stories and a belief in magical creatures.
Searching for the truth
Mermaids have been part of traditional folklore and books with descriptions of the world and its natural phenomena since time immemorial. The texts have acquired a more and more sceptical tone over the centuries. This development from superstition and sailors’ tales to serious science is shown here through exhibits including a number of superb history books. Some of these derive from the collection of the Teylers Museum. Since the museum originated as the 18th-century centre of knowledge of art and science, the study of natural phenomena was one of its core activities from the outset.
Temptation and menace
In the 19th century, when science had consigned them conclusively to the realm of myth and fable, mermaids proved to be livelier than ever as an imaginative presence, in fairy-tales and the subconscious. The old cocktail of temptation and menace makes them intriguing. They became popular subjects for artists, who loved to depict them as femmes fatales. Their seductive arts also made them ideally suited as images in advertising. From the 19th century onwards, mermaids appeared with great frequency in posters advertising products from hair dye to shipping companies. In the popular culture of our own times, they have become permanent features of cartoons, musicals, and toys.
From all continents
This mix of temptation and menace is by no means specific to Europe. This is demonstrated here by some superb examples from other cultures. The exhibition follows the mermaid’s tracks to sources in Africa, Australia and Latin America, where the belief in water goddesses endures among some to this day, with colourful masks, pottery figurines, and remarkable images. Closer to home, we find the mermaid of Edam, known as De Groene Zeewijf (‘the Green Sea-Maid’), who held sway over the popular imagination well into the 18th century.
Andy Warhol. Unknown early drawings
From 1 June until 1 September 2013
The coming summer, the Print Room of Teylers Museum will be showing over 50 hitherto unknown early drawings by one of the most important artists of the 20th century: Andy Warhol (1928-1987). These works are among the 300-odd ‘new’ Warhol drawings that were found, more or less by chance, in the archives of the Warhol Foundation in 2011. This
discovery offers a fascinating insight into the artist before he became the ‘Prince of Pop Art’.
The recently discovered works date from the 1950s, from the earliest days of Warhol’s career. The drawings were executed in pen and ink, in clear contours, most show children and young people, alone or in groups. Some of them resemble the work he was doing in this period as a
fashion illustrator and advertising designer. Most were based on photographs or magazine illustrations. Some recall the expressive style
of German and Austrian artists from the early twentieth century, such as
Egon Schiele, George Grosz and Otto Dix. Others rather point forward to Warhol’s later paintings. It is fascinating to discover that he was already producing works in series at this time. Warhol printed the drawings while they were still wet, creating reverse-image copies of them.
In total, over 300 ‘new’ Warhol drawings were found, more or less by chance. In 1990 they were stored away at the Andy Warhol Foundation in New York as ‘archival material’. The German gallery-owner Daniel Blau discovered them in pristine state in 2011 and realised their importance. Earlier this year, this exhibition was on view at the Louisiana Museum in Copenhagen; it will later tour to the Graphische Sammlung in Munich. Teylers Museum is exhibiting a selection of Warhol’s finest early drawings in the intimate setting of the Print Room, from 1 June to 1 September 2013.
From 19 January to 5 May 2013
Pierre-Joseph Redouté is the greatest botanical artist of all time. His drawings and watercolours of flowers and plants are unsurpassed in
both scientific precision and beauty. Redouté assuredly earned his nicknames, ‘the Raphael of flowers' and ‘the Rembrandt of Roses'. Redouté started drawing flowers in Paris's Jardin des Plantes at the end
of the eighteenth century, when European scholarship was in the throes
of a real mania for botany. He provided illustrations of rare and exotic plants for books published by prominent scientists. These drawings
made him so famous that he was able to publish two masterpieces of printing under his own name: Les Liliacées and Les Roses. Redoubté
also gained royal recognition from none other than Queen Marie-Antoinette, and later from Empress Joséphine, Napoleon's wife. No one could equal Redouté's pictures of their opulent gardens with their
glorious profusion of blooms. This exhibition is the first in the
Netherlands to provide a variegated overview of his work, with,
at its heart, the beautiful books that the Teylers Museum purchased immediately after their publication.
Dutch Masters from New York. The Clement Moore Collection.
From 6 February to 12 May 2013
Teylers Museum is exhibiting a unique collection of 17th-century drawings from the private collection of Clement Moore in New York. The works are
by the greatest masters of their day, such as Abraham Bloemaert, Hendrick Avercamp, Rembrandt, and Adriaen van Ostade. Rapid pen-and-ink figure studies, watercolours depicting landscapes in
exquisite colours, and meticulously executed animal studies in chalk
show some of the rich fund of draughtsmanship that characterises the Golden Age. For three months, these remarkable drawings will be back in the country where they were made.
This project has received funding through a grant from the Netherland-America Foundation.
From 28 September to 6 January 2013
Experience the splendour of the Italian Renaissance!
In collaboration with Vienna's Albertina Museum, Teylers Museum is
proud to present the Netherlands' first exhibition on Raphael (1483- 1520). With Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael was one of the greatest artists of the Italian Renaissance: his Madonnas and Vatican frescos are world famous, and his refined style has been admired and emulated down the centuries.
Paintings on display in the Netherlands for the first time
More than 90 drawings by the master and his school are on display in Haarlem for more than three months. Due to their fragility, the drawings
are rarely exhibited. The inclusion of two paintings from the Uffizi in Florence and the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin is particularly notable. They show us what Raphael's drawings led to. Raphael's paintings have never before been exhibited in the Netherlands. Together, these artworks give
an excellent overview of his glittering career.
With works dating back to the 16th century, Teylers Museum's celebrated collection of drawings contains several absolute masterpieces. In 1791 the museum acquired works by masters such as Raphael and Michelangelo, many of which had come from the collection of Queen Christina of Sweden. It was previously assumed that the Teylers collection contained nine drawings by Raphael. But extensive research during the preparation of this exhibition showed that there are actually twelve: mistakenly, three had been attributed to his students. With only two other Raphael drawings in the Netherlands, Teylers Museum is the obvious venue for an exhibition of the master's work.
In a special room, visitors can view an innovative introduction to Raphael's style and working methods. Which elements define his work? How do the experts view it, and how do you identify a real Raphael? Visitors can vote on the authenticity of a drawing: is it by Raphael or isn't it? One lucky participant will win an unforgettable art-history trip to Italy for two people.
On 8 October, experts from various universities will share their knowledge of Raphael. For more information see: www.rafael2012.nl
Campaign for drawing
From 20 to 28 october 2012 People of all ages and any level of artistic expertise can make their own contribution to the longest ever drawing - or they can paint a fresco or draw from life under an artist's guidance.
Tuesday to Saturday: 10.00-17.00 Sunday: 11.00-17.00 Extra opening on Monday 24 December and Monday 31 December: 10.00-17.00
Children under 6 free
Children aged 6 - 18 € 2
Museumkaart € 5 Vrienden, Ver. Rembrandt, Haarlem Pas € 5
Groups (> 10 people) € 12,50
Adults € 15
Ticket price includes audio tour and booklet
Admission prices exclude a € 1 online reservation charge. No reservation charge is made for reservations made before the exhibition opens on 28 September 2012.
Address Teylers Museum Spaarne 16 2011 CH Haarlem T +31 (0)23-5160960 E firstname.lastname@example.org
TO THE SUMMIT
Expedition to Mont Blanc
From 20 May to 9 September 2012
On 3 August 1787, Horace-Bénédict de Saussure became the first researcher to reach the summit of Mont Blanc - Europe's highest mountain, at over 4,800 metres. He was accompanied by a team of 18 bearers and guides, their rucksacks full of provisions and instruments. The ascent was an enormous physical and sporting achievement, but more importantly, it was also a scientific expedition. De Saussure wanted to find answers to a huge battery of questions: how high was the summit, what rocks did the mountain consist of, how cold was it at the top, and what was the composition of the air up there? With all this research, a new science was born, focusing on minerals and crystals: geology.
Three years before the ascent, Teylers Museum opened to the public for the first time. Its director, Martinus van Marum, avidly followed the scientific developments in Europe. He took a particular interest in the ascent of Mont Blanc. In 1802 he visited the late De Saussure's son in Geneva, from whom he purchased some of the rocks in his father's collection, such as the topmost rock from the peak of Mont Blanc. The real pièce de resistance, however, is the newly restored model of Mont Blanc, constructed in 1787, which shows the precise route taken by the expedition. While no one dared to climb Mont Blanc in the 18th century, nowadays hundreds of people stand on this ‘roof of Europe' every day, partly thanks to the pioneering work of scientists such as De Saussure.
From 28 January to 6 May 2012
The 17th century was a dramatic age. Many wars were fought in and around the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. There were numerous sieges and battles on land and at sea. At the same time, international trade rendered a sharp increase in wealth. Art and culture flourished like never before.
Paintings and prints show the Princes of Orange and rich merchants, naval heroes and field marshals, artists and ordinary citizens. But a more sustainable material was needed to be truly immortalised: metal! Artists recorded great historic events and heroic acts on tiny pieces of gold and silver. Following this example, many people recorded their own moments of pride, joy or sadness on medals.
Clients, collectors, poets, silversmiths and politicians each played their own unique part in medallic art. The designs often had a symbolic meaning that could be solved like a puzzle. A Tribute! is the first time that the fascinating Golden Age has been viewed from the perspective of this art form.
Claude Lorrain - 29 September 2011 to 8 January 2012
Teylers Museum and the Musée du Louvre present the first comprehensive exhibition on Claude Lorrain (1600 - 1682) ever held in the Netherlands. This French landscape painter is one of the most important masters in the history of art. Popes, kings and the entire European upper class competed to acquire his paintings of enchanting harbour cities and idyllic park landscapes full of references to the Classics. Claude Lorrain was one of the most famous and popular artists in 17th century Europe.
Master of the golden light
Claude Lorrain was the first painter to give the sun a central role in his work. His golden Italian light was famous all over the world. Roaming the countryside near Rome both in the early morning and in the evening, he aimed to capture the light on paper and canvas. Great artists including William Turner and Jean-Baptiste Corot were inspired by his work. In England, landscaped gardens - including classical buildings - were created based on his paintings.
Surprisingly, Claude Lorrain is not very well known in the Netherlands. Teylers Museum aims to change that by organising this exhibition and introducing his wonderful life's work to art lovers in this country.
Unique collections of drawings
Teylers Museum owns a unique range of early Claude Lorrain drawings which were acquired back in 1790, a mere six years after the museum opened. These works of art are in excellent condition as they have rarely or never been exhibited before. The drawings from the Musée du Louvre are from a later stage and are the perfect complement to the Teylers Museum collection.
Important paintings on loan
Key paintings from museums in the United States and Europe will be shown alongside these collections of drawings. The National Galleries of Scotland have given special permission for Lorrain's largest and most ambitious painting - Landscape with Apollo and the Muses (1652) - to travel to Haarlem for the exhibition. All in all, 78 drawings, 13 paintings and four etchings will display his exceptional talent.
Gadgets & games: then and now
From 27 May 11 September 2011
Technology has developed extremely rapidly in the last fifty years. Products that were once massively popular were later abandoned without a second thought. For example: the cassette, the record, the video tape, the telephone box, the carpet sweeper, the pressure cooker - the list is endless. The rise and fall of these objects seems to follow the logic of Darwin's theory of natural selection. In this exhibition, ten family trees illustrate the evolution of the various items.
Many products become outdated. What remains is the memories of certain movements, sounds and smells. Rewinding a cassette by hand using a biro. Pressing the buttons on the television set before the remote control was invented. The sound of a dropped coin on the floor of a phone box. The smell of a stencil duplicator at work.
Our time is full of nostalgia. Manufacturers respond to this sentiment with retro design in clothing, radios, cars, scooters and mopeds. Turntables are enjoying a comeback on the market for audio equipment. In evolution this phenomenon is called atavism, the unexpected reappearance of characteristics that were thought to have disappeared for ever.
Innovation and smart design have turned us into rapid trend followers. An increasing number of products have become desirable gadgets that we buy to distinguish ourselves from others: the latest moped, the latest computer game, the latest hi-fi system, the latest mobile phone...this exhibition is about these gadgets and games.
Egypt & Napoleon
War and Science
From 22 January to 8 May 2011 in Teylers Museum
Egypt has appealed to the imagination for many centuries. However, very little was known about this mystical country for a long time. This changed completely when Description de l'Égypteappeared; the most prestigious book about Egypt ever published.
Teylers Museum owns a rare first impression of this exceptional book. It was published in 23 volumes between 1809 and 1829 and contains the first encyclopaedic description of Egypt'santiquity, nature and contemporary culture. It has over 7,000 pages and more than 3,000 illustrations. The museum purchased the entire series back in 1828.
The publication presents the findings of the scientists, technicians and artists who accompanied Napoleon Bonaparte on his military campaignto Egypt. Napoleon arrived on the African continent in 1798 along with 35,000 soldiers, 160 scientists and artists and 300 ships. His target-conquering Egypt and putting a stop to Great Britain's ever-increasing power- was never reached. Hardship and attacks by the Turks, Mamelukesand Britons brought the occupation to an end after three years.
Napoleon's military expedition may have been a failure; the work of the scientists and artists was definitely a victory for science. A great deal of research into Egyptology was based on these discoveries, including the sensational deciphering of the hieroglyphs.
After visiting this exhibition with breathtaking drawings, enormous books, adventurous travel journals, dazzling jewellery, bizarre mummies, a stuffed crocodile and a lively Arabic coffee bar where you can read the digital version of the Descriptionde l'Égypte, you will feel like you have been on a journey to Egypt!
18 September 2010 to 9 January 2011
The artist's studio is a mysterious place. This is where paint, brushes and canvas are transformed into art. The production process - which remains invisible to most of us - is surrounded by myths.
Studios evoke a romantic image of the artist as a lonely genius in a creative laboratory. This image mainly stems from the 19th century when artists responded to societal and technological changes by presenting themselves and their work as exceptional and superior. Artists often used their studios to convince the general public of their reputation. Some painted self-portraits depicting themselves as free-living bohemians in bare attic studios, to emphasise that they only lived for art. Others transformed their studios into grand palaces full of exquisite antiquities. This allowed them to welcome their rich customers in a suitable fashion.
Despite the businesslike working practices of many ancient masters such as Rubens and Rembrandt, who could supply numerous paintings with the assistance of their pupils, and of contemporary masters including Damien Hirst and Joep van Lieshout, who outsource the realisation of their artistic ideas, the image of the artist's studio created by 19th century painters still dominates.
The exhibition Studio Myths unravels the origins of the myths surrounding painters' studios, using new scientific research by the Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD). Teylers Museum unveils the secrets of famous 19th century studios through paintings, watercolours, drawings, personal belongings and painters' materials.
The Tropical Netherlands
From May 22 until August 29 2010
For many millions of years, cold and warm periods have alternated. For example, there was a time when palm trees grew in Antarctica and when the Netherlands was covered with ice. When the polar ice caps melted, the sea level rose and the Netherlands disappeared under water. Nearly two million years ago, it was sub tropically warm here. Animals including elephants, rhinoceroses, panthers, monkeys, hyenas and bears lived here at that time.
The remnants of this animal life are teeth, bones and droppings. Nuts, seeds and pollen grains remain of the plant species. These small clues are enough to allow us to reconstruct the landscape of that period. This sub tropical plant and animal life is known to us because of the clay pits at Tegelen, in the province of Limburg. There is even an era in history named after this sedimentary fossil-containing layer: the Tiglian. Teylers Museum has the largest collection of fossils from this site, thanks to the efforts of Eugène Dubois, the curator at Teylers Museum who discovered the primitive upright Java Man.
Due to the current period of climate change - it is getting wetter and warmer - changes in animal and plant life are apparent even over the past 20 years. Heat-loving species are on the increase and cold-loving species are disappearing. Should we be happy with these newcomers? And how warm would it need to be in the Netherlands for the monkey and the elephant to return? Will we ever see a panther creeping through a tulip field?
The Highgrove Florilegium of HRH The Prince of Wales
From January 30 until May 9 2010
Bringing together HRH the Prince of Wales, King Louis XIV, King-Stadtholder William III and Empress Joséphine Bonaparte: at the Vorstelijk Tuinieren exhibition you will get to know the most important royal gardens of the last 400 years and their passionate owners. The highlights of the exhibition are the original watercolours of the Highgrove Florilegium - a prestigious large-format book with flower portraits from the British Crown Prince's garden. It is the first time that these botanical drawings from the princely residence of Highgrove have been on display in the Netherlands.
Apart from the drawings from this very valuable book, weighing nearly 20 kilos, which are loaned with the kind permission of HRH The Prince of Wales, the exhibition at Teylers Museum also presents other key works of botanical art. The British Crown Prince, an inspired gardener and watercolourist, not only finds these books good for the soul but also regards them as highly important as they remind us of the fact that we are part of nature and not a separate entity.
There is a long tradition of florilegia, or flower books. In centuries past many royal families had their flower and plant collections immortalised in abundantly illustrated books. The Teylers Museum collection includes one of the rarest and most exquisite florilegia in the world: the Hortus Eystettensis from 1613 with hand-coloured illustrations of unusual plants.
Apart from wonderful water colours, drawings, prints and valuable books covering four centuries of gardening history, the exhibition also includes a view towards the future. The principle of ‘working with nature rather than against it', also known as ecological gardening, is represented. Prince Charles' garden is an excellent example of this and it sets the trend for ‘new gardening'.
Until January 17, 2010
Teylers Museum Haarlem and Singer Laren jointly present the most comprehensive exhibition ever held on the painter Anton Mauve, a prominent member of the Hague School.
Mauve grew up in Haarlem, just around the corner from Teylers Museum. He developed a passion for art and nature from a very early age. As a young painter he roamed the woods and fields of the Veluwe region in the east of the Netherlands, painting outdoors with fellow painters. Following the latest trend in French art at the time, his works were directly based on nature.
In 1871 Mauve moved to The Hague where he actively took part in the flourishing art scene. The Hague proved to be the ideal place for a landscape painter like Mauve, with dunes, beaches, fields and woods in the near vicinity. Here he became the famous ‘master of the silver light', producing several of the highlights of his career. When he lived in The Hague, Mauve briefly taught his most famous student Vincent van Gogh. There is a special exhibition in the Prints and Drawings Room of Teylers Museum about this unique time of his life.
After a few years, Mauve escaped the hustle and bustle of The Hague and moved to the quiet and peaceful village of Laren. His internationally successful paintings of the Laren heath, as well as some of the works of his followers, are presented in the second part of this exhibition in Singer Laren.
Noah's ark. Setting sail for Darwin
Until September 6, 2009
When Teylers Museum first opened its doors in 1784, the Bible was for many people still the only source that explained the origin of life on earth. Soon, however, three previously unchallenged beliefs would be severely shaken: that life had been created in six days, that the earth was no older than six thousand years, and that fossils were the product of Noah's Flood.
The trigger was the discovery of two fossils - one of a gigantic mosasaurus and one of a mammoth - which catalysed new ideas on the extinction of plants and animals. The result was controversy and resistance. For surely the perfection of God's creation meant that extinction was unthinkable?
This exhibition is about the tension between faith and science, and about scientists' contributions to a new view of the world - a view that finally led to the theory of evolution. One hundred and fifty years ago, Darwin published the results of his ground-breaking research. His book, On The Origin of Species, described the process whereby, generation by generation, the hereditary characteristics of species were modified through the process of reproduction, genetic variation and natural selection. This caused a revolution that extended far beyond science. By classifying humans as an animal species - part of nature rather than something that was placed above it - Darwin's theory of evolution profoundly influenced society and philosophy as well as religion.
The exhibition marks Darwin Year 2009.