Greek poet (Circa 800 BC)
The Greek poet wrote two great epics, the ‘Iliad' and the ‘Odyssey', the
first on the Trojan war, and the second the travels of Odysseus.
He is thought to have lived in the years around 800 BC, and to have come from Smyrna or its surroundings. He is important to Greek Antiquity particularly for his contributions to social and spiritual life. Thanks to his work and that of Hesiodus (c. 700 BC), the world of the Olmpian gods took shape. Homer is a rich source for our knowledge of the earliest history, Greek social structure, and the Greek view of the world.
He is honoured in a relief above the bookcases in the Oval Room.