English mathematician and physicist (1642 - 1727)
One of the most important mathematicians and physicists of all time, Newton formulated theories
such as the general theory of gravity, and succeeded in explaining that the movements
of the celestial bodies were governed by the laws of gravitation.
He studied in Cambridge,
where he later became professor of mathematics. In 1687 he published Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica (i.e. ‘Mathematical principles of natural philosophy'), generally referred to
in short as Principia. This work is one
of the high points in the history of the natural sciences.
Newton also made essential contribution to optics and mathematics.